卷二十期 901031

本 期 提 要HEADLINES

1.專利法部份條文修正案十月二十六日施行

本刊九卷十九期曾報導立法院三讀通過之「專利法部份條文修正草案」修正要點,而是項修正案於九十年十月二十四日業經總統令修正公布,並於九十年十月二十六日施行


"Partial Amendments of Patent Law" Entered into Force on October 26

Previously in Volume 9, Issue 19 of IPR News we reported that the Legislative Yuan had passed the third reading of "Draft Partial Amendments of Patent Law". Following approval of the President, the said Amendments were officially gazetted on October 24, 2001 and entered into force as of October 26, 2001.

2.立法院三讀通過「著作權法部分條文」修正草案

立法院於本(九十)年十月二十五日三讀通過「著作權法部分條文」修正草案之審查,至此我國全部智慧財產權相關法案,已完全符合世界貿易組織之規範。茲將本次著作權法修正之重點報導如次: 
A修正第三十四條,賦予「電腦程式著作」享有與「文學著作」相同之著作權保護標準,使個人完成之電腦程式
,其著作財產權期間存續至著作人生存期間及其死亡後五十年。
B修正第二條、第七十一條及第九十條之一,將著作權法之行政主管機關由原來的「內政部」修正為「經濟部」,並就該法的「撤銷」行政處分修正為「廢止」,以配合行政程序法之施行。
C增訂「電腦伴唱機利用人公開演出音樂著作」,如該音樂著作非屬管理公開演出權之著作權仲介團體所管理,
且著作財產權人未加入著作權仲介團體,排除第九十二條侵害公開演出權之適用,使其依民事程序解決,避免刑事爭訟(第三十七條第六項)。
D增訂「著作財產權授權後之效果」規定,明定著作財產權的授權如經公證人作成公證書者,原被授權人之權利不因原著作財產權之讓與或再為授權而受影響(第三十七條第二項)。
E增訂「專屬授權被授權人之法律地位」,使專屬授權之被授權人在被授權之範圍內,得以著作財產權人之地位行使權利,並得加入著作權仲介團體(第三十七條第四項、第八十一條)。
F刪除「著作權審議及調解委員會辦理著作權仲介團體所定使用報酬率之審議」規定,回歸著作權私法自治及市場機能之本質。
經濟部智慧財產局表示,著作權法此次主要僅是為加入WTO及配合行政程序法之施行等作小幅修正,除了達到國際規範的保護標準外,同時對於建置良好的著作權保護與利用環境,具有正面效益。至於有關網際網路對著作權產生衝擊之因應,經濟部已依全國經濟發展諮詢委員會議之決議,於十月十二日另提「著作權法部分條文修正草案」函送行政院審議中,將俟行政院完成審查後,續送請立法院審議。

Legislative Yuan Passes Draft "Partial Amendments of Copyright Law"

The Legislative Yuan completed its consideration of "Partial Amendments of Copyright Law" and passed its third reading on October 25, 2001. This indicates that all of Taiwan's relevant intellectual property rights laws are now consistent with WTO regulations. Below is an outline of the present Copyright Law Amendments:
(a) Article 34 is amended, giving "computer program works" the same copyright protection as "literary works". Computer programs completed by individuals will enjoy copyright protection for the author's lifetime plus 50 years.
(b) Articles 2, 71 and 901 are amended, changing the competent authority for enforcement of Copyright Law from Ministry of Interior Affairs to the Ministry of Economic Affairs. In addition, the administrative penalty of "revocation" under this Law is substituted for "abolishment", so as to be consistent with enforcement of the Law of Administrative Procedure.
(c) Insert provisions relating to "public performance of musical works by users of computerized karaoke machines". Where such musical works are not managed by copyrightintermediaryorganizations who manage public performance rights, and the copyright owner does not belong to a copyright intermediary organization, Article 92 of the Copyr
ight Law relating to infringement of public performance rights does not apply. Disputes in these circumstances should be resolved by civil rather than criminal procedures (Paragraph 6 of Article 37).
(d) Insert provisions relating to "Implications of Copyright License", which stipulate that where a licensing of copyright is made in writing and notarized by a notary public, such licensee's rights will not be affected by an assignment or further licensing of the relevant copyright (Paragraph 2 of Article 37).
(e) Insert provisions relating to "legal status of exclusive licensee", so that an exclusive licensee, within the scope of its license, may exercise rights as if it were the copyright owner, and may also join copyright intermediary organizations (Paragraph 4 of Article 37, Article 81).
(f) Remove provisions relating to "Copyright Review and Mediation Committees Review of Royalty Rates Charged by Copyright Intermediary Organizations", so that copyright transactions will return to private negotiations and market mechanisms.
The IPO states that the present amendments to the Copyright Law are principally minor amendments made to facilitate entry to the WTO, as well as to achieve consistency with the Law of Administrative Procedures. These amendments have not only brought the Copyright Law in line with international protection standards, but will also have a positive impact on creating a sound copyright use and protection environment. As for responses to the impact of the Internet on copyright issues, in accordance with the resolution of the Economic Development Advisory Conference (EDAC), the MOEA has submitted a separate "Partial Amendments to the Copyright Law" to the Administrative Yuan on October 12. Once the Administrative Yuan concludes its consideration of these Amendments, they will be submitted for the Legislative Yuan's consideration.

3.光碟管理條例立法院三讀通過

為有效保障合法生產者及智慧財產權人之權益,遏止盜版光碟侵害智慧財產權的問題,而於本(九十)年十月三十一日經立法院三讀通過之「光碟管理條例」,對於製造預錄式光碟產品之事業,加強了相關之管理措施。前揭事業依本條例,應先向主管機關即經濟部申請許可,經核發許可文件,並申請核發來源識別碼後,始得從事製造預錄式光碟產品;對於違反相關規定之事業,本條例採行先行政處分後刑罰之處罰規定,最高並可處三年以下有期徒刑;本條例並規範不予許可之情事、許可文件應記載之事項及事業應保存客戶往來資料等相關規定。至於製造空白光碟產品之事業,應於製造前向主管機關申報即可,非本條例所規範。

Legislative Yuan Passes "Laser Disk Management Regulations"

In order to effectively protect the rights and benefits of authorized manufacturers and intellectual property right owners, and to put a stop to infringement of intellectual property rights by pirated laser disks, the Legislative Yuan passed its third reading of the "Laser Disk Management Regulations" on October 31, 2001. These Regulations represent more stringent control mechanisms in respect of businesses that manufacture prerecorded laser disks. Under these Regu
lations, such businesses must apply for permits from the competent authorities (i.e. the MOEA), and they may only proceed to manufacture prerecorded laser disk products upon being issued with the relevant permit documents and a source identification code. Businesses that violate these Regulations will be subject to first administrative penalties, followed by criminal penalties, which may be as severe as imprisonment for up to 3 years. These Regulations also specify circumstances where the permit will not be granted, items that must be stated on the permit documents, and require businesses to maintain customer correspondence information. As for businesses that manufacture blank laser disks, these Regulations do not apply and such businesses will only need to make a declaration as to their activities prior to manufacture.

4.智慧局公告該局認可之國外微生物寄存機構

經濟部智慧財產局於本(九十)年十月二十六日以九○智法字第○九○八六○○一○四號函公告,該局認可之國外微生物寄存機構如附表:

IPO Publishes List of Approved Foreign Microorganism Collection Bodies

The IPO has publicly announced its list of approved foreign microorganism collection bodies, through its letter dated October 26, 2001, reference 90ChiFa0908600104. The list is set out below:

5.台灣各地方法院檢察署九十年上半年辦理侵害智慧財產權案件情形

茲據法務部高檢署統計資料,將九十年上半年侵害智慧財產權案件辦理情形分述如下:
A九十年一月至六月偵辦侵害智慧財產權案件情形:
A偵查新收3,426件,比八十九年一月至六月減少7件
;以罪名分析,此類案件大多為違反著作權法,計2,416件佔70.52%,違反商標法757件,佔22.10%,違反專利法253件,佔7.38%。
B偵查終結3,349件,(被告4,047人),比八十九年一月至六月增加520件(被告增加363人),其中起訴被告1,893人,佔偵查終結被告人數46.78%﹔起訴案件有具體求刑者114件,佔起訴件數6.64%。
(詳細資料如附表一)
B九十年一月至六月侵害智慧財產權案件裁判確定及執行情形:
A裁判確定被告人數1,616人,比八十九年一月至六月增加475人,其中判決一年以上者196人,一年以下逾六月者66人,六月以下680人,拘役102人,罰金38人,科刑率為66.96%,比八十九年一月至六月之48.29%,增加18.67%。(詳細資料如附表二)
B已執行判決有罪案件541件,被告567人(比八十九年一月至六月增加249件,被告增加244人),其中判決有期徒刑及拘役得易科罰金者484件(被告509人),執行結果:准易科罰金繳清者473人,佔得易科罰金人數92.93%,不准易科罰金者1人,佔得易科罰金人數0.20%。(註:全部己執行有罪案件准易科罰金者佔得易科罰金總人數78.17%,不准易科罰金者僅佔0.09%)。(詳細資料如附表三)

IPR Cases Handled by Prosecutors of Taiwan District Courts in First Half of 2001

According to statistics released by the Senior Prosecutors Bureau of the Ministry of Justice, IPR infringement cases handled during the first half of 2001 are as follows:
a. Investigation of IPR infringement cases from January to June, 2001
(a)The number of new cases was 3,426, 7 cases fewer than the same period in 2000. Analyzed by the type of offences, most of the cases (2,416) were copyright infringement cases, representing 70.52% of the total number of cases. There were 757 trademark infringement cases (22.10%) and 253 patent infringement cases (7.38%).
(b)Investigations were concluded in 3,349 cases (4,047 defendants), representing an increase of 520 cases (363 defendants) from the same period in 2000. Amongst these 1,893 defendants were indicted, representing 46.78% of co
ncluded cases defendants. Out of the number indicted, 114 were sentenced (6.64%). (See Table 1 below for details) 
b.Affirmation and Execution of IPR judgments from January to June, 2001
(a) Judgments were affirmed against 1,616 defendants, representing an increase of 475 perso
ns from the same period in 2000. Amongst these, 196 defendants were sentenced to imprisonme
nt for one year or more, 66 defendants to more than 6 months but less than 1 year, 680 defen
dants to less than 6 months, 102 defendants to detention, and 38 defendants to fines. The percentage of cases receiving an imprisonment sentence was 48.29%, representing an incr
ease of 18.67% from the same period last year. (See Table 2 for details)
(b) Sentences were carried out in 541 cases against 567 defendants, representing an increase of 249 cases (or 244 defendants) from the same period last year. Amongst these, 484 (509 de
fendants) were sentenced to imprisonment or detention convertible to fines, and 473 defe
ndants had paid their fines, representing 92.93% of the convertible cases. In 1 case conversion was not permitted, representing 0.20% of convertible cases. (Note: the number of convertible cases already carried out represented 78.17% of total number of convertible cases, and in only 0.09% of cases was conversion not permitted.)(See Table 3 for details)